Pope Nöel or the Magi: Who brings the gifts?
Dressed with its traditional red and white suit, plump, rosy skin and in its sled tired by reinde it becomes one of the protagonists of Christmas, but what about this legendary image?
Pope Nöel has a real story, was Nicolás, born in the fourth century in Patara (Licia, Turkey) later known as San Nicolás de Bari.He surprised like, being still small, shared everything he had and was very kind, dealt with the poor and was an exemplary model.Soon he lost his parents as a consequence of plague epidemics, inheriting a fortune.With 19 years he decided to give that wealth to the most needy and leave to Mira, next to his uncle, to be a priest.
Over time he was appointed bishop and after his death, on December 6, 345, proclaimed patron of Turkey, Greece and Russia.In addition, it is also the sailors since according to a pious story, in the middle of a terrible storm, sailors asked God for help, and also the saint, and the sea calmed down.
It was in the seventh century when temples and churches begin to be built in their honor, their mortal remains moved to Bari, in Italy, in the year 1087.The proximity of his death date with Christmas and his goodness made him the perfect saint of these endearing parties.
In the twelfth century his figure was very popular, San Nicolás was venerated and dear, being in the seventeenth century when Dutch emigrants take him (his tradition) to the United States.German emigrants derived from their name San Nikolaus the classic Santa Claus and differ a lot from their current image.
San Nicolás, Santa Claus, was thin, tall of stature, wore green and black and the custom of the gifts he carried in a bag part of the knowledge he had of the next marriage bond of the daughter of one of his neighbors and the family does notHe had money for the dowry, the bishop gave him a bag with gold coins and the wedding was held.Thus the custom of the gift would begin to spread.
The current image of Dad Nöel is due to the American ingenuity, thus the sled, the reindeer and the bags with gifts is an invention, in 1823, of the English writer Clement Moore when writing the poem "a visit of San Nicolás" in which he fabulatedWith a saint who flew through the heavens in a sled carried by nine reinde.
We have to wait for the year 1931 when Cola-Cola commissioned the cartoonist Thomas Nast to draw a Santa Claus adapting it to the tastes of the time, humanizing it, making it closer, and Pope Nöel appeared with the institutional colors of the popular brand of sodas: redand white, black belt and with more weight.
Be that as it may, Papa Nöel arrives via Pole Norte on the night of December 24 leaving their gifts under the Christmas tree to children and people of good will for their good acts of the whole year.
Who brings gifts
There are many children, and elders, who on Christmas or Magi expect a gift, a gift, a present that includes the good actions of the year.In that maremagnum of legendary characters, do we know who brings us the gifts?
How to convert powerpoint presentation to jpeg - universal document convert http: // t.CO/C3UAH0LF— Mikhael Bolgov Tue May 22 14:51:38 +0000 2012
One of the most popular is Santa Claus, or Papa Nöel, -and I quote it in order of festive appearance-.It is based on the real figure of Bishop San Nicolás, although it is also called San Nicklauss, Santa Klauss, or in Finland it is called Joulupuki, in Sweden it is called Ltomte and in Poland Mikolaja.
It is represented red with popularly white edges and a characteristic hat as well as a wide black belt.However, in Czechoslovakia, he represents dressed as a bishop and next to him are an angel and a demon, symbolizing good and evil.
In the Netherlands it is sinterklaas and far from arriving from the North Pole, it comes from Spain with its assistant Zwarte Piet or Pedro 'El Negro' that carries the list of bad children and leaves no gifts but coal, perhaps from there that denomination inAs for its color.
In Denmark it is the christmas elf who brings the gifts, it is an old man with a beard, dressed in gray and with whom you have to get along.
In Austria it is the Child Jesus who brings the gifts and in Italy it is the befana, a witch that on January 5, the transalpine households in his broom and distributes the gifts and distributes the gifts.
In Spain they are the traditional Magi whose tradition and strength survive from the origin of such a beautiful tradition.
Who were the Magi?
The illusion with which children await the arrival of the Magi loaded with toys and gifts has no paragon...It is the night of magic, it is children's night but...The Magi were not always three, their number varied throughout history and even King Baltasar did not become a black magician king until the seventh century to symbolize races on earth and due to the needs of the church of those times, black king who usually was the one who brought coal to children whose behavior had been "bad", over time it has become the magician who best gives the children.
According to the writings attributed to Sanmateo, the kings were not kings but magicians-even were originally represented with the magician's frigio hat- and their names did not appear until the 6th century.The Magi until the fourth century were two, four, six, twelve and even sixty.Each one was even put on them: in the fifteenth century, Natalibus Pedtus set that Melchor was 60 years old, Gaspar 40 and Baltasar 20 years- representing the ages of man-.The physical description disagreed with the stories that existed at the time.The Magi make their first appearance on a “pictorial” representation in a mosaic in Apollinare Nuovo (Ravena), in the seventh century, its celebration in Europe does not begin until the seventd.C.
He is Tertulian, in the third century, to avoid the bad reputation of Persian magicians, which transformed them into kings of the East with all their royalty and magnificence boato, being from the nineteenth century it is when the Magi begin to bring toysTo the children and the "letter to the Mayos Kings" is popularized.There is a beautiful symbology in those present that take the child to the portal, they all mean something and imply a whole socio-religious burden.Those magicians from the East left three valuable gifts: gold, incense and myrrh.The beautiful history of worship seems like profane and yet it has a hidden meaning.Gold is the gift made to a king, the incense is the gift to a god and the mirara is the gift that is still made man...All in the figure of Jesus.
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